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Error handling and Debugging

HRG with the C APIΒΆ

The code to recreate the HRG structure in figure 4 can be found at speect/engine/examples/hrg/create_docs_example.c, or HRG example. See HRG API for a detailed description of the API. Here we show some snippets to explain the process of building an utterance.

An utterance is created by a call to S_NEW, after which it must be initialized with SUtteranceInit(). For example:

SUtterance *utt;

utt = S_NEW(SUtterance, &error);
SUtteranceInit(&utt, NULL, &error);

The SUtteranceInit() function takes the voice as an argument, but in the above example we have used NULL, which is fine if one does not need the utterance’s voice (SVoiceSynthUtt() is used if one has a voice and wants to synthesize an utterance.)

A relation is created from the utterance with SUtteranceNewRelation():

SRelation *wordRel;

wordRel = SUtteranceNewRelation(utt, "Word", &error);

and items can be created by appending them to a relation with SRelationAppend():

SItem *wordItem;

wordItem = SRelationAppend(wordRel, NULL, &error);
SItemSetName(wordItem, "twenty", &error);

The NULL argument passed in SRelationAppend() is for an item’s shared content (also used in SItemAppend(), SItemPrepend(), SItemAddDaughter() and SRelationPrepend()). Shared content is used when one wants to add an item to more than one relation, and share the content of the items. For example, we might have a token relation, with the first token being “21”. In the word relation we will have two words, “twenty” and “one”, both of which can be daughters (as in figure 4, but with the token relation one level higher than the word relation) of the “21” token item. To create the shared items we can code it as follows:

SItem *item21;
SItem *itemTwenty;
SItem *itemOne;

item21 = SRelationAppend(tokenRel, NULL, &error);
SItemSetName(item21, "21", &error);

itemTwenty = SRelationAppend(wordRel, NULL, &error);
SItemSetName(itemTwenty, "twenty", &error);

itemOne = SRelationAppend(wordRel, NULL, &error);
SItemSetName(itemOne, "one", &error);

SItemAddDaughter(item21, itemTwenty, &error);
SItemAddDaughter(item21, itemOne, &error);

Figure 5 shows a representation of the HRG that can be created by following the above code example. Note that item21 is now the parent item (gotten with SItemParent() of both itemTwenty and itemOne).

An example of the HRG representation of parent/daughter items.

Figure 5: An example of the HRG representation of parent/daughter items.